Compound income Scores Portfolio Performance
April proved to be another positive month for the UK stock market and also the Compound Income Scores Portfolio (CISP) which continued it out performing streak again this month with a total return of 7.53% versus the 4.29% from the FTSE All share. This leaves the portfolio with a total return of 18.18% , 8.5% ahead of the index in the year to date.
As you can see in the table above the current / on going bull market in pretty much everything has helped the CISP to produce positive returns and be in the blue over every period shown & it has outperformed in all the periods shown too. Indeed after we saw a Pink moon last month seeing something like that in performance numbers is probably as rare as a blue moon. Since inception the CISP has now beaten the return from the FTSE All Share by over 100% and has delivered annualized returns of around 15% versus the 5% per annum from the index for 10% per annum outperformance. Not bad for a low stress once a month screened portfolio I'd say.
It is quite pleasing to see such a positive outcome / picture I'm not getting carried away with the success as pride often comes before a fall. In a bull market like this it is important to keep your feet on the ground as it is easy to get carried away and think you are an investing genius as the rising tide lifts all boats. Having said that though I'm pretty happy that the Compound Income Scores are a good way of identifying potentially interesting quality, income growth stocks which have the potential to outperform the market.
There were 3 potential candidates considered for sale based on their Scores with a couple of these having been considered and given the benefit of the doubt in the past. In the end I decided to just sell the one, Sage (SGE), that had fallen out of the top quartile of Scores, as it had recovered in price a little since I gave it the benefit of the doubt, but it has continued to see some earnings downgrades. While the valuation doesn't look that attractive with the PE of over 25x albeit with a yield of 2.8% but this is not that well covered. They have results due later this month so it remains to be seen if that was the right call or if I should have continued to hold while they struggle to grow as they transition to more of a cloud based subscription model.
To replace that there were 3 candidates that I considered from the top decile of the Scores. Firstly was Morgan Sindall (MGNS) which I could have / should have bought last month based on a similar score, but dismissed it given it is a low margin contractor and therefore has a lower than average quality score in the Scores. So I skipped buying it again this month after a strong performance last month post their positive trading update left it looking it over bought from where it might be vulnerable to some mean reversion in the short term.
The second candidate I seriously considered but passed on in the end was Kingfisher( KGF). Again perhaps I'll live to regret skipping it as they are trading well, have good momentum and continue to see upgrades as they benefit from the lock down buying as householders look to do up their homes and gardens as a result. As ever with such stocks the question is over the sustainability of that trend, although in this case they have some help measures in progress and the currently active housing market should also be good for their business. It trades on around 14x with a similar yield to that of Sage at 2.8% but again like Morgan Sindall it scores below average on quality given their relative low margins and return on capital employed. So on that basis I decided to pass on that opportunity too.
So the one I decided to add in the end was a higher quality stock (based on its operating metrics) Paypoint (PAY) which has been in the portfolio in the past but was sold based on its Score back in November 2016 at 1075p. It is struggling with a similar transition phase to Sage as they migrate their business away from serving cash customers and towards more card based, on line payments and a parcel delivery & collection network . Again this was a slightly tricky decision as it has quite poor price momentum and has seen fairly steady downgrades, although these may have just stopped in the last month. They also have results this month so it will be interesting to see how those come out, but last time they spoke on trading they implied they were pretty confident of hitting their numbers.
The valuation though was much better value than Sage with a PE of under 12x for March 2022 year end and a yield approaching 6% on the rebased dividend although again that is also not that well covered. They also offer a double digit EBIT / EV yield more than twice that of Sage. Thus the quality and value scores are both in the top decile as is the overall Score and it is looking oversold on the overbought / oversold indicator which is also included in the Scores data.
So on that basis I took the decision to add it to the portfolio as it plays into the current expensive growth into value trend that seems to be underway and both the businesses seem to be struggling with transitioning their business which both have some good quality metrics. The difference is that Paypoint is rated much lower and closer to a no growth type of rating and arguably maybe has less competition to its payment network in convenience stores than Sage has in its accounting software area.
Other things to note are that they have recently completed the sale of their Romanian business and are now UK focussed and are bedding in some recent card payment acquisitions. They may also have to pay a regulatory fine as part of an on going investigation which probably adds to the low rating / out of favour nature of the stock - so definitely a bit of a contrarian value idea too on that basis. I was also reasonably impressed by the names on the largest holders list shown below, although the one at the top, Astericos Group, who have 15% was not one I am familiar with. On checking though it seems they are absolute return investors with a value / quality approach which chimes with the Scores.
Summary & Conclusion
Another positive month for UK equities and also the Compound Income Scores portfolio which continued the outperforming streak it has been on this year and indeed over the last 1, 3, 5 years and since inception too. However, in a bull market such as this it pays not to get too carried away and indeed such a positive performance it probably as rare as a blue moon but the Scores do seem to be a good way of identifying suitable candidates for a successful quality, income growth portfolio.
As for the screening, while the Scores can direct one, you still need to implement decisions based on them which as ever may add or detract from performance but then that is always the case in any event. This month it was Sage into Paypoint rather than Kingfisher or Morgan Sindall but as ever time will tell on the success or otherwise of that.
Any way I'll leave it there as this has already taken me a while and having mentioned blue moons I'll leave you with some music this month based on that. It's a tricky decision so I'll put up three versions and leave you to decide which one you prefer. Personally, I prefer the one by the Marcels that featured in one of my favourite horror films - An American Werewolf in London.
"Life is a roller coaster just got to ride it" Ronan Keeting
Well that would have been good advice if only we had been able to live our lives last year, but as we all know we were stopped from doing that in the main by Covid-19. In terms of Stock Market investments it was certainly a roller coaster ride as a record breaking bull market, in terms of duration, finally came to an end. This was then followed by a seemingly record short bear market (certainly in the US) or does that mean it was just a correction? While in the UK we have continued to struggle on back below 7,000 on FTSE as our old economy type stocks and sectors and lack of technology champions in the main took their toll on the index.
Meanwhile we finally managed to leave the EU and agree some sort of on going trading relationship at the last minute as is always the EU way, but as ever time will tell as to how good or bad that might turn out to be. Unbelievably I see that people are already calling for us to re-join even though we have only just left and finally agreed some sort of trade deal.
So early signs of a neverendum mentality taking hold already until remainers / EU get the answer they want I guess. Any way I'm sure you are all familiar with and fairly fed up with all these issues - so I'll move on.
Compound Income Portfolio - Performance
If anyone is interested in this, it managed to outperform the FTSE All Share (which I use as a benchmark) again this year making it 5 years out of 6 now since inception in April 2015 or 4 out of 5 years if you count just full years. As this was set up to try and demonstrate if the Scores had any merit in picking outperforming stocks, I think an 80% or so success rate might be some evidence that they do, but as they say the past is not necessarily a guide to the future.
Having said that though the numbers this year are to be honest a little underwhelming in absolute terms as the CI Portfolio produced a total return of -1.26% versus the -9.8% from the FTSE All Share, although that is still a decent 8.55% out performance. This came as the portfolio produced a 6.01% return in December versus the 3.86% from the FTSE All Share, thereby clawing back just over 2% or around 1/3 of the under performance it saw last month in the vaccine inspired rally.
Since inception the CI Portfolio has just about doubled with a 99.84% total return or 12.8% per annum which compares to the 22.79% or 3.64% total return from the FTSE All Share. See also the graph on the website under the portfolio menu or at the end of this piece for comparisons with the Mid 250 and Small Cap Indices as well as the All Share. I put these on there as the portfolio has tended to have an above average exposure to these out performing part of the market, which will have accounted for some of the performance differential. For example at the end of the year the portfolio was split roughly 50/50 between FTSE 100 stocks and Mid 250 + Small Cap stocks (including AIM).
At the year end I also like to check how the CI Portfolio has done versus widely available pooled funds to see if I'd be better off putting more of my money into those type of vehicles. This year while the returns were not that great they still compared favourably with the UK Equity Income sector where its returns would have put it 5th out of 85 funds and 5th out of 26 in the UK Income Investment Trust sector. While over 3 and five years it has substantially outpaced all of the funds in both of these sectors. So even though the returns were a bit underwhelming in this unusual year I'm satisfied that the Scores are still doing a good job compared to pooled fund / index alternatives.
So I shall continue to use them in helping me to identify and select suitable Companies to help me achieve my investment objectives. The Scores will also continue to be available to subscribers' for a modest fee if they should like to use them to help them with their investing too. A table showing the total returns from the CI Portfolio and the FTSE All Share over the last 1,3 & 5 years is presented below and you can see the full table of returns via the Portfolio menu on the site.
Out of interest I took a quick look at how the Portfolio would have performed if I had left it untouched from it's positions at the end of March & April and it appears that the returns were around 5 to 8% better as a result of the trades that I did subsequently. So not bad for a monthly screening process, although this year was one in which it probably paid to be even more aggressive with your portfolio as evidenced by some of the exceptional returns I've seen reported. Rightly or wrongly I tended to focus on those businesses that could survive and manage their way through all this as it seemed that vaccines might have taken a long time to arrive. As it happens they managed to come up with those in double quick time so recovery plays then came to the fore even more.
This threw up three potential sale candidates this month, based on how they score in the Compound Income Scores. Of these I decided to hang onto Sage (SGE), a fairly recent addition to the portfolio, which has taken a bit of a hit as they are having to invest to stand still as it were as they transition to a software as a service model. Given it is a high return business you'd want them to reinvest if they can, but the wrinkle here is that they are having to invest to update / keep up with the competition. Nevertheless I felt that they still looked reasonable value on an EBIT/EV Yield basis & offer a well covered 3% Dividend yield, even if the PE doesn't look particularly cheap at around 24x.
Another high quality business that looked more of a sell on valuation grounds was Auto Trader (AUTO) which as well as a high rating has seen some substantial downgrades and the car market in the short term still seems to be quite challenged. Thus I let it be sold as per the process but personally feel a bit mixed about it as the valuation certainly feels expensive but it is a high return moat type of business that one would probably want to hold for the longer term. Having said that though I felt the same back in October last year when the process had me sell Avon Rubber at £43.40 due to a poor score based on high valuation and poor earnings trend too. So it will be interesting to see if Auto Trader crashes too on any future disappointment given the valuation. As this post is already getting quite long and taking longer than I thought it would, I'll move on. Subscribers though can see the full details of this and the other sale plus the two new stocks that replaced them on their files as normal.
Brief Economic / Market Outlook.
After such an exceptional year the consensus seems to be that we are through the worst and that some kind of economic recovery is at hand despite the fact that we seem to be entering another National lock down in effect in the short term. The roll out of the vaccines thus far is encouraging investors to look through that and anticipate a V-shaped recovery as all the pent up demand and cash that may have built up in some peoples bank accounts is released as and when we get back to some kind of normality.
While the initial recovery might well be quite perky on the basis of pent up demand and the sod it factor as we hopefully eventually emerge from the grip of the virus, I do worry a bit about the medium / longer term. That's mostly due to the level of debt to GDP around the world, which while it may be manageable if central banks and governments engage in yield curve / financial repression, the conventional wisdom is that debt at these levels is likely to prove to be a drag on growth in the medium term (like Japan as I mentioned last month).
I guess governments might continue to print and spend to offset those effects but it is above my pay grade to forecast where that might all end, although quite a few are expecting a pick up in inflation as a result this time around, which might offer governments a way out from their debt traps, perhaps.
In terms of dividends, as previously discussed and as I'm sure some readers are painfully aware of, these have been cut substantially this year with the UK dividend base expected to be down by around 40 to 50%. Having analysed the dividend flows on the Compound Income Portfolio is seems that the total income received this year was down by 30% year on year suggesting that some of the existing holdings and the changes that were made along the way have helped to lessen the effects of the cuts. So some evidence that they help one to select dividend paying stocks that might be more robust than the average.
That represents a yield of about 2.3% on the average portfolio value for the year which is somewhat lower than that of previous years but not that surprising in the circumstances and also as I have relaxed my value constraints somewhat this year and ran winners on higher valuation more. Based on forecasts the portfolio is expected to generate a yield of 4.2% with some strong dividend growth forecast. While in PE terms it is on 13.7x with an EBIT/EV Yield of 8%, so it looks to be offering decent value and growth on the basis of current forecasts. Again subscribers can see the full details of the portfolio in their Scores file.
In terms of the UK market when Link asset service last provided an update in Q3 they suggested that they thought dividends in the UK could recover by between 6% and 15%. While the FTSE ended the year at 6460.2 and offered a yield of 3.65% to give a dividend base of 235.79 index points. So I thought I would update my FTSE Dividend ready reckoner and see what it looks like if we assume those dividends could remain unchanged or grow by up to 15%. For the bulls I have also added a 3% yield column to see how far we could go if investors really get carried away and bid the market up and consequently down to a historically toppy level of a 3% dividend yield.
Outside of that I suspect that a 3.5% to 4% range is more likely to pertain this year suggesting a trading range for the FTSE of potentially between about 5900 - 7747 or say 6,000 to 7,500 if you wanted to tighten that up a little by looking at the chart from the beginning of this post and where likely support and resistance might come in. Indeed on that basis, while I wouldn't be surprised to see FTSE hitting or exceeding 7,000 again at some point this year, although technically it looks like there is a lot of over head resistance in the 7000 to 7700 range. It seems therefore that we might have to wait another year for the FTSE to surpass its 1999 high. At least it means if it should make it up into that range then we might be able to look forward to 10 to 15% returns this year to make up for last years disappointing returns from the UK market as a whole.
Summary, Outlook, Conclusion & Personal Note.
So very much a year to forget in terms of what happened to our lives and how the stock market performed in the UK at least. Obviously within that and globally there were many threats and opportunities thrown up so congratulations if you manged to navigate that and make decent returns & hats off to you. Equally if you lost some money, don't get too down about it but put it down to experience and try and learn from it I guess.
In terms of economies and markets the consensus seems to be expecting economic recoveries on the back of the vaccine roll out, but that may be tempered by the on going 2nd or 3rd waves and associated lock down restrictions, but hopefully we might be out the other side of all that by the summer, perhaps. Heaven forbid that the new variant of the virus should turn out to be resistant to the vaccines or that they should turn out to have more serious side effects than expected. If either of those came to pass I suspect all bets would be off.
On the market side of things the US market is generally perceived to be expensive (hasn't that been the case for a few years now?) but seems to carry on regardless so far. The flip side of that is that some other developed markets like Japan and the UK in particular look cheap, while emerging markets are widely tipped to do well along with commodities.
Whatever or however you decide to approach things this year may I wish you good fortune in the markets and good health for you and your families and loved ones and my deepest sympathies if you or someone close to you have been hit by Covid in the last year.
Talking of Covid I'm pretty sure that both my wife and I had it back in March before the lock down started and before it was widely known about. Fortunately being fairly fit and healthy (touch wood) 50 somethings we managed to come through it pretty quickly after a few days
of feeling unwell and fortunately did not need any medical intervention. Our planned trip to Berlin at Easter got cancelled and we didn't get to go away at all last year - what a drag.
On the portfolio front across the piece with our overall more broadly diversified asset mix we did at least manage to increase our net worth by 1.5% so thereby just about maintaining the real value of our assets. I should probably say more about longer term compounding and rates of returns but that is probably the subject for a post in itself as this one is already rather long.
For the income side of things my boring diversified stock investing approach together with the use of investment trusts helped to protect us from the worst of the dividend cuts this year. It was also helped by redeploying most of the cash buffer that we'd built up in 2019 during October and November after NS&I cut rates to zero and the market was having a second leg down before the vaccine news broke.
As a result our income was "only" down by about 9% year on year so not great, but not too bad in the circumstances and we can easily live with that. So while we didn't manage to increase or maintain that in real terms this year it does still leave it well up in absolute and real terms since we started full time investing for a living in 2009. So despite this somewhat trying year we have still managed to achieved my objective of growing our capital and income in real terms over that time frame. I still think that accessing quality companies with with good yields and the prospect of dividend growth is still a good way to try and achieve that, although of course others will have their own ideas.
So we literally live to fight another year having survived Covid and the roller coaster ride in the market last year. Here's to hoping that 2021 might be a better year all round, but so far it has not started that well with another national lock down, but perhaps we might get back to some sort of life by Easter or the Summer at the latest and maybe we might even get to travel somewhere too thereafter if we're lucky. Thanks for reading, you deserve a medal if you got this far and sorry for being so boring, take care & good luck for the year ahead.